Monday, May 25, 2020

Essay The Pros and Cons of Liposuction - 1600 Words

Liposuction: The Bad and The Ugly nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Due to the risk involved, liposuction is not the answer to having a great body. Liposuction is one of the most popular forms of cosmetic surgery today. Those seeking the perfect body seldom understand the risks involved in this invasive surgery. One of the risks of liposuction is that fat cells can grow back in the area where the procedure took place. Another risk associated with this procedure is over-aggressive fat removal. Poor work performed by untrained doctors poses many problems in itself. Pulmonary Thrombosus, Lidocaine Toxicidy, and imbalances of bodily fluids also are serious risks associated with liposuction, not to mention the ultimate danger with any surgery,†¦show more content†¦The removal of 1,500 to 3,500 mL of fat or less does not pose that much of a risk. The chance of problems occuring increase when a larger volume of fat is removed, a number of areas are treated at the same time, and if the operative sites are larger in size than normal. The common recommendation of fat removal is not to exceed 12,000 mL, but some doctors do not take the patient’s health into consideration and exceed 12,000 mL. Any doctor who performs large volume liposuction must be well trained and have lots of experience. Any patients who receive large volume liposuction should stay in an overnight facility where the patient may be monitored and given medical treatment if needed (Pavlovich-Danis, 2001, p.3). Many of the risks associated with liposuction are due to the negligence of the surgeon or doctor performing the operation. nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;nbsp;Due to the doctor’s lack of qualifications, lack of experience, and lack of training there is a high risk of something going wrong during liposuction surgery. The New York State Senate Committee of Investigations performed an investigation of doctors performing surgeries in the private establishment of their offices over the course of nine months. Found in the investgation was that many doctors were performing surgeries outside the scope of their training (Problems of Office, 1999, p.2). Not all of theShow MoreRelatedCosmetic Surgery: A Risky and Costly Procedure1355 Words   |  6 Pagesup dying, and it was not the first time an incident like this had happened (Cosmetic Surgery: CQR, 3). A patient had a liposuction procedure and shortly after she had died from fat clogs stuck in her lungs (3). Finally some offices have provided rules and regulations on surgery. Limits have been set on how long the surgery can be and how much fat can be taken from a liposuction session at one time (about 18 cups) (CQR, 1). Rules have been made on who can perform cosmetic surgery and whom can receiveRead MorePlastic Surgery Pros And Cons829 Words   |  4 Pages Plastic surgery for weight loss can have its pros and its cons. Great results can come out of different types of procedures. But, bad things can also be a result such as complications of surgery. Plastic surgery is a growing industry because of high obesity rates and associated health risks, in spite of high costs, risks, complications and the struggle weight maintenance after the surgery. According to an article in The Canadian Press by Mike Stobbe, 40 percent of adults and 18.5 percent of childrenRead More Media and Plastic Surgery Essay883 Words   |  4 Pagesjust older women turn to woman of all ages in there twenties and thirties also go to plastic surgery for a self-esteem boost. Younger women turn to surgeries like nose jobs, breast implants, buttox implants, cheek implants, collagen implants and liposuction to help make they feel better. Women want to feel more attractive to men so they try to become the unachievable, the Barbie. The perfect Barbie doll-image that woman of all ages strives for. Most people do not view surgery as a major process; theyRead MorePlastic Surgery1719 Words   |  7 Pages1 Contents 1 Thesis statement 1 2 Introduction 1 3 Plastic Surgery 5 3.1 Methods 1 3.2 Reasons 3 3.3 Reputation of Plastic surgery 3 3.4 Pro ´s and Con ´s 4 3.5 Safeness 4 4 Discussion 7 2 Thesis statement â€Å"Plastic surgery does not always work† The following text deals with the plastic surgery. Whether plastic surgery always works is questionable. When people hear about plastic surgery, most of them tend to connect it with Hollywood. At the present time it is no longer surprisingRead MoreCosmetic Surgery: A Quick Fix? Essay1252 Words   |  6 Pagesthey can be. One of the most common surgeries on the show Extreme Makeover was liposuction. It was treated as if it were an average, everyday procedure that could be done for anyone, anytime. In fact, â€Å"according to a study by the American Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery, the risk of death from liposuction is one fatality per 47,415 procedures, but the rate increases to once every 3,281 procedures when liposuction is combined with abdominoplasty.† (Friedman) The more surgeries a person undergoesRead MoreWhat Makes Reconstructive Surgery?1936 Words   |  8 Pagesdeformities, mastectomy victims, skin issues, and self esteem booster. Due to the increase of reconst ructive surgery there are different types of surgical and non-surgical procedures, there are different types of patients, and there are several pros and cons. First of all, one may ask, â€Å"What is reconstructive surgery†? â€Å"The word ‘plastic’, comes from the Greek word ‘plastikos’, meaning to mold or shape, indicates that repair is generally brought about by moving tissue† (Reconstructive Surgery†, 2)Read MorePlastic Surgery Essay1788 Words   |  8 Pagesquickly and be very serious. After an infection sets in, it is sometimes necessary for patients to undergo additional surgery to remove necrotic skin and tissue, which can affect [the look of] the final cosmetic outcome† (source 7 pg. 2). â€Å"After liposuction, infections can be extremely dangerous because although the external incision is small, the internal wound under the skin can be large† (source 7 pg. 2). Aspiration, caused by anesthesia, can also lead to infections (source 7). â€Å"Cosmetic surgeryRead MoreSociety s Outlook On Plastic Surgery963 Words   |  4 Pagesoption for adolescents unless the procedure is due to medical reasons such as the reduction of insanely larger breast causing back pain to a fifteen-year-old girl. The top cosmetic surgical procedures done on teenagers are navel cosmetic surgery, Liposuction, both female and male breast reduction, rhinoplasty which deals with the nose and lastly otoplasty that deals with the ears (AMA Journal of Ethics). These procedures although some people might consider minor enhancements lead to the continuous needRead MorePlastic Surgery And Cosmetic Surgery1480 Words   |  6 Pages14 inches. Blondie Bennett ImagePlaceHolder: shutterstock From California, 38 year old Blondie Bennett, has accomplished her dream to look like a real-life Barbie by having 5 breast enlargement surgery and much more. She has had cheek implants, liposuction and botox. And she doesnt want to stop! She wants her breast to grow larger but due to a condition called Symmastia , which causes your breast or breast implants to merge, she is unable to do so. Blondie believes in the fact that barbies are dumbRead MorePlastic Surgery Helps Self-Esteem Essay954 Words   |  4 Pagestaller. Cosmetic surgery has been a widely spoken topic for over many years. Many are skeptical about it, and think that it should be banned. However, people are forgetting the positive effects that it gives, because everything that we do has pro and cons. An advantage of cosmetic surgery is the ability to correct physical defects. These patients may have physical defects that have resulted from an accident such as a scar from collision. Some people are born with physical defects that have plagues

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Self-Respect Essay - 1222 Words

As we find ourselves held prisoner to four years of constraints, deadlines, and all-nighters, high school can be whirlwind of trials and tribulations. As emphasis is placed on academic excellence and social involvement, many students lose themselves in the mix, lacking self-respect. Self-respect and esteem issues are a constant threat to the average teenager. The worries of acceptance and success weigh on their minds. Being attentive to those can increase their level of respect/esteem. With this increase there is a risk. High self esteem individuals are more prone to interpersonal violence as a result of an inflated self concept. The happy balance between high and low is crucial; but the positives outweigh the negatives. Individuals with†¦show more content†¦Such problems are all products stemming from skewed perceptions of self-respect. These difficulties transpire throughout the school with no bearing on age. The halls swiftly spread with the new tales of scandal and humiliation; all the while those being ridiculed have inner demons in need of confrontation. The overwhelming notion of improving self-respect at NHS is definite. The problems that seem to be occurring have no cookie cutter solution. As it pertains to the student body my partner and I felt there were several avenues worth traveling to increase change. First off, we believe the resources at NHS at present are terrific, and simply aren’t being used to their full capacity. Ms. Miranda, our student assistance counselor, is at Northville for the sole purpose of aiding the students in regard to substance abuse difficulties, self-harming behavior troubles, and any other alarming problems. She is a terrific resource for those students who feel most comfortable speaking to an authority figure other than their parents. For those who feel as if adult counselors are not relatable, my partner and I feel it would be terrific for the high school to invest in a peer mediation program. This would entail a collection of mature, head-strong individuals who would be on hand at anytime to facilitate their services to students in need ofShow MoreRelatedSelf Respect Essay807 Words   |  4 PagesSELF RESPECT â€Å"The worst loneliness is to not be comfortable with yourself.† – Mark Twain Self-respect is fundamental for a great life. If self-respect is lacking this may cause insecurity and the strive to be someone we are not. To develop self-respect means to cultivate the self-confidence to deal with whatever life throws at us. Self-respect comes from an inner belief and not an egoistic feeling of superiority. The following are some ways to improve self-respect:- †¢ Learn to HandleRead MorePersonal Statement On Self Respect1263 Words   |  6 PagesSelf-Respect When I think of the word â€Å"self-respect,† I think of understanding the importance of your own rights and sometimes looking out for your best interests before others. Of course, it is always great to put others before yourself at times; but when it comes down to it, you should never put yourself in a vulnerable position. When first hearing this word, I understood it as having pride and confidence in oneself. However since then I have learned that there’s much more to it. Digging deeperRead MorePersonal Essay : Self Espect And Self-Respect739 Words   |  3 PagesMerriam-Webster, self-respect is a proper respect for oneself as a human being. I do not call it self-respect when I constantly beat myself down with words. One must put themselves in a position of self-respect with self-acceptance, self-worth and self-conceit. Prior to this time in my life, I would continuously bully myself with malicious words. This hurtful content would come from my own self or others. I had a visual idea of what I wanted myself to be. At the time, self-respect did not look likeRead MoreAnalysis Of `` On Self Respect `` By Joan Didion1077 Words   |  5 Pagesyou. â€Å"We are peculiarly in the thrall to everyone we see, curiously determined to live out -since our self-image is untenable-thief false notions us.†- Joan Didion â€Å"On Self-Respect†.Didion, in his essay, states that to alien from self is to to free us from the expectation of others ,to remain indifferent and to achieve self-respect.Upon reading, I began to wonder if I am self-respect. Character? Free from expectation ?The ability to face up mistakes ? Maybe not.The article written by Joan DidionRead MoreAnalysis Of Didion s On Self Respect1612 Words   |  7 PagesIn Didion’s emotional yet dominant essay, â€Å"On Self- Respect,† found in Slouching Towards Bethlehem, she defines the true meaning of value to oneself, while indicating that reactions of weakness and humiliation, based on the approval of bystanders, inhibits true acceptance. Her work was published in 1968 by Farrar, Straus, and Giroux to an American magazine Vogue, in a time when many intellectual Americans believed they were standing at the dawn of the Golden Age. The emergence of The Human PotentialRead MoreSelf Respect Is A Very Powerful Term1099 Words   |  5 PagesNeel Bhagat ENG 111 September 09, 2015 Self-respect is a very powerful term. Self-respect is something that has to be earned; it has to be earned from you for yourself. Self-respect has to be learned by oneself, nobody is born with self-respect for himself or herself; it’s not an instinct. Many people take pride in their sense of self-respect. Self-respect is a vital part of ones existence. Self-respect is developed throughout a persons lifetime through many different experiences and encountersRead MoreTheme Of Self Respect In Othello854 Words   |  4 Pagesidea Shakespeare presents is how self-respect will affect an individual’s actions towards a person who did them wrong. Othello’s self-respect towards himself towards the end of the play is impacted negatively, so he punishes Iago; the man who did him injustice, in an irrational manner. Cassio on the other hand, is the opposite of Othello. He has a positive sense of self-respect, resulting in rational actions throughout the play. One with a posit ive sense of self-respect will tend to act out in a rationalRead MoreThe Importance Of Integrity And Self Respect1604 Words   |  7 Pagesactions align with our principles, our conduct speaks for us, more eloquently than words ever could. It becomes the basis for both reputation and self-respect. Integrity demands courage but delivers untroubled sleep. Developing integrity requires internal honesty, because we can’t be honest with others unless we are honest with ourselves. It requires self awareness, since we cannot accurately communicate what we do not know. The amount of integrity that one has, defines who they are as a person. BeingRead MoreStanding Tall With Self Respect1107 Words   |  5 PagesMihir Pandya Mrs. Christopher HHSE 1 period 3 4 November 2014 Standing Tall with Self-Respect â€Å"In matters of conscience, the law of the majority has no place.† (Mohandas Gandhi). In Harper Lee’s To Kill a Mockingbird, Atticus Finch exemplifies Gandhi’s quote when he opposes the antiquated values of his town and follows his own conscience. Atticus faced with an arduous case. He defends a Negro named Tom Robinson, who Bob Ewell, the â€Å"white trash† of the town, accuses for raping his daughter, MayellaRead MoreAnalysis Of On Self Respect By Joan Didion1660 Words   |  7 PagesIn 2017 our thoughts and actions are guided and molded in large part by social media, reality television shows and pop culture. Without realizing the extent to which constructed reality and self-curated life exhibitions shape how we see the world, we form perceptions and establish standards of what our lives should look like based on stories and photos posted on Snapchat and Instagram and find ourselves reflexively belting out song lyrics that directly contradict ou r values. Joan Didion, a unique

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Low Cost Carrier Characteristics - 1946 Words

The idea to enter the world of the full cost carriers by low prices isn’t a new one. Already in 1977 Laker Airways founded the â€Å"Sky Train† between London and New York. Even if this service was never successful, more and more low cost carriers were founded during the progress of deregulation and the development of an own low cost strategy began. When we today have a look at the homepages of low cost carriers we cannot but state that nearly all of them are operating successful despite the issues of September 11th in 2001, SARS in 2002 and the war in Iraq in 2003. Southwest for example has shown a positive net income for the period of 1990 to 2002 (Appendix A) and is nr. 5 of America’s most admired companies in 2005 (Homepage). Also Ryan†¦show more content†¦Maintenance: As maintenance costs are a typical economy of scale business it is only possible for full cost carriers to run it cost-effective. Hence low cost carriers mostly outsource their maintenance (Pompl, 2002). But the low cost carriers make strong efforts to find new maintenance concepts that are more appropriate for their needs and even more cost efficient e.g. through cheaper labour costs. As Allan Marking, chief engineer at easyJet says: Im not looking for the minimum maintenance performance, Im looking for the best value where maintenance is an investment in the reliability and longevity of the aeroplane (Pilling, 2004). Labour costs: â€Å" For most airlines wage costs and associated social security and pension payments for staff represent the largest single cost element† (Doganis, 2002, p.115). Appendix C gives an overview of the great differences in average annual remuneration. In the low cost business it is normal to get lower wages by higher duty times for the crews as low cost carriers aim to make the pilots most productive. â€Å"The average Southwest Pilot produced 800 block hours in 2000. In comparison, the average United Airlines’ pilot produced only 54% of the output produced by the average Southwest pilot† (Gillen Lall, 2004, p.44). Despite this fact the staff of Southwest is highly motivated. For instanceShow MoreRelatedNational Airline Market Analysis : The Airline Deregulation Act Of 19781702 Words   |  7 Pagesto this foreign competition and domestic pressures the Airline Deregulation Act of 1978 was passed. Deregulation meant the market would be generally fr ee from government controls and operate under free-market principles. By the early 1980s new carriers flooded the market causing an initial drop in fare prices. In this new market Airlines such as Pan American and TWA suffer financially. Many of the large legacy airlines that operated successfully under the guidelines of the Civil Aeronautics BoardRead MoreThe Success Of Delta Team896 Words   |  4 Pagescompete in an industry where profit margins are small and the end product is essentially the same. Because of this, they believe that constant innovation and improvements to operations is the key for success. Delta has built a business around characteristic that other airlines don’t offer and have capitalized on the areas where other airlines need improvements. As they move forward, they will continue to bring innovative thinking to their operations as this model has proven successful in all areasRead MoreAsia Aviation Public Company Limited1001 Words   |  5 Pagessucc ess of the company is due to the low-cost carrier (LCC) business model. Major features of this business model include low service, point to point mode of travel, heavy utilisation of aircraft, ticketless reservation and flexibility in staff services. The airline company has carried 45.6 million passengers across 199 routes to 98 destinations across 17 countries (AirAsia Berhad, 2014). Furthermore, the various other services offered include flight bookings, low fair finder, customised travel, travelRead MoreMarketing Plan for an Airline1254 Words   |  6 Pagesopportunity for low cost airlines to emerge. Low cost carriers have been successful satisfying customer’s demand for cheaper fares and reducing labor cost. â€Å"A high quality low-price entry strategy may seem very attractive at first glance. Obviously, an airline, or any startup firm for that matter, is likely to win a market if it can indeed provide a better product for a significantly lower price† (Ben-Yose f, 2005, p.243). Their marketing strategies have been so successful that many of these carriers haveRead MorePricing Strategy Adopted by Regional Airline1355 Words   |  6 Pagesits own characteristics in terms of investments revenues potential, costs, as well as production requirements. The new airline s pricing strategy will also set it apart from the pack and will form a key aspect of its overall marketing strategy. Factors to consider before pricing are: (i) Cost factors: - An airline incurs two types of cost of operations, Fixed and variable. Fixed costs are that of the Aircraft acquisition, Fuel, Staff salaries, Airport charges and infrastructure costs whileRead MoreThe Merger Of U.s. Airways And American Airlines1170 Words   |  5 PagesAirways and American Airlines, most people would now agree we are living in the age of airline oligopoly. Oligopolies form when there’s a state of restricted competition, and new companies cannot break into the industry for reasons like high-entry costs or government restrictions. This is the condition of the airline industry, today. In order to breach the oligopolistic nature of the airline industry, airlines must be able to break through high barriers to entry such as: retaining substantial capitalRead MoreOasis Hong Kong Airlines Limited -1534 Words   |  7 PagesLee †¢ Started operation – Oct 26, 2006 Company Background †¢ 2 routes HK ↔ London (Gatwick) HK ↔ Vancouver Company Background Oasis Hong Kong Airlines Limited †¢ Start of business – 5 aircrafts – 700 staff Competitive Advantage Lower Cost Differentiation †¢ Marketing strategy – Differentiate product by class, price service level – Launch promotion as first marketing initiative – Using a Computer Reservation System – handled all inbound customer calls in a basis of seven days aRead MoreBusiness: Threat of New Entrants1000 Words   |  4 PagesThreat of New Entrants This has a low threat because firms already in the industry have a cost advantage and these companies already have a strong customer base. Economies of Scale †¢ Bigger producers buy more inputs and therefore may get quantity discounts †¢ Boeing is the worlds largest aerospace and defense company †¢ Boeing sells more products in multiple industries so they have the ability to produce each unit at a lower cost than a smaller company would †¢ Delta is the 2nd largest passenger airlineRead MoreBusiness Level Strategy of Airasia2120 Words   |  9 Pagessizes and destinations. Air Asia was founded in 1993. There are now 57 Airbus serving 79 destinations where the passenger load factor in 2011 was 76%. Winning the Skytrax World’s best low-cost airline in the previous three year consecutively, it is well-known for its low-fare under the world’s lowest operating cost. With the increasing fleet size and capacity of seats, the average load factor had once been push up to 80% recently. Its positive performance has brought a strong direction to its futureRead MoreMarketing Analysis of Jetstar and Virgin Blue Airlines Essay3385 Words   |  14 PagesIf customers are not satisfied, they will simply refuse to purchase the service provided and look elsewhere. Major Findings of the report 1.0 Segmentation Virgin Blue and Jetstar both segment towards the leisure market, as they are both low-cost carriers and therefore the leisure market tend to be more price elastic compared to business travelers (Bamber, 2006). However Virgin Blue have introduced several methods to attract to business travelers as well as leisure. For example, ‘velocity frequent

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Spanish Labor Systems And Indigenous People Essay free essay sample

, Research Paper In the US it is really common to still hear of the hapless manner African Americans were treated in the early portion of this states History. We hear narratives of black slaves working 18 hr yearss picking cotton and the injury of slaves being beaten for disobeying their Masterss. For many African American households, it seems, that was the manner of life non long ago. While it is really of import to recognize what these African Americans went through, I think it is frequently forgotten that autochthonal people of Latin America were exploited in similar ways but through different Labor Systems. From Spain s early reaching in the Caribbean through their constitution of the Spanish imperium autochthonal people were exploited through cheap, slave like labour. One of the most unbelievable topics raised by the paperss presented in Colonial Spanish America is the subject of Labor Systems that were imposed on the autochthonal people. Spain tried to alibi this development by claiming to salvage these autochthonal people by learning them the ways of Jesus but many of the Articles in Colonial Spanish America, Struggle A ; Survival, and The Limits of Racial Domination turn out otherwise. Through letters, personal narratives, and other paperss these books present histories that tell about the labour system used in this country. They tell of the Spanish labour systems such as the encomiendos and subsequently rapartamientos and how these operations were run. In discoursing the Labor system that existed during the clip of Spanish regulation it is of import to understand what labour systems that were used, why the Spanish used them, how they justified utilizing autochthonal people in such a manner, how the autochthonal every bit good as black slaves were treated in these systems, and the effects the Labor Systems had on the autochthonal population. Equally shortly as the first Spanish entradas arrived in the New World they realized the huge resources that had been virtually untapped. They saw unbelievable wealth in the sugar cane harvests and the wood dyes in Brazil, and the Ag mines in Potosi and other northern countries, plus many other natural resources. At first the Labor systems were really underdeveloped in Colonial America, the autochthonal people had produced merely plenty to utilize what they needed and in some Communications Security Establishments a small supernumerary for some trade with adjacent peoples but there was no big graduated table operations anyplace until the invasion of the Spanish. Spain saw all the resources in the Americas as great wealth for the Crown and the entrada leaders saw the chance for themselves. They besides new that the development of the resources finally depended on the labour of non-Spaniards. At the beggary of the Spanish reaching there were 1000000s of autochthonal people throughout the lands who were willing to merchandise and integrate the Spanish peacefully. However the early entrada leaders knew that the most efficient manner to carry through their greed and honour the Crown of Spain was to work the autochthonal people. Examples of these early labour development s were the encomiendas and repartamientos. Subsequently with the addition in in-migration from Spain to New Spain there was a displacement in demand from the resources of wealth such as the mines and the affluent sugar harvests to a more general demand of Spanish goods including wheat, cowss and other general Spanish goods. As more and more Spaniards arrived in New Spain the demand for Spanish nutrient and goods increased so Spanish Rule used concealed Labor Systems like the testimonial and work undertaking systems to acquire the native people to work their haciendas and to construct their churches, places, and metropoliss. Harmonizing to The Limits of Racial Domination the Spanish believed every bit long as the Indians exist, the Indies will be. The Spanish new that they could populate good as long as they exploited the autochthonal people they would populate good. In fact it is quoted in The Limits of Racial Domination that In the 16th century, the white community lived on the excess produced by a huge figure of Indians working in a really crude economic system # 8230 ; Then by the following century they had changed the economic system to one modeled after the modern-day European design. In drumhead the ground that the Spanish used the labour systems they did is because they knew the people could be exploited. They were greedy about acquiring the lucks for the Crown and they were treating the crude economic system into an economic system of modern-day European design. The Spanish new the easiest and cheapest manner to do this passage was through the usage of autochthonal labour. Harmonizing to talk the first of the autochthonal labourers worked in the mines. The early mines were worked through surface diggings and subsequently evolved into shaft excavation. Every mine operator, or minero, sent 1/5 of the mines wealth back to the Crown. Potosi was one of the first great Ag mines. The Spanish ran their mines by working the autochthonal people. The Spanish used different ways of acquiring labour. The initial manner they did this is through the usage of early encomiendas. Encomiendas were, harmonizing to Colonial Spanish America, a grant of labour and testimonial rights from the Crown to an encomendero over a specified group of Indians. The encomenderos was the adult male in charge of an Indian group who would demand manual labour and testimonial from the Indians in exchange for payment, protection and spiritual direction. Subsequently on repartamientos took topographic point of the encomiendas. The Repartamientos were different from encomiendas because they were a designated per centum of the male work force that had to work for the crown alternatively of a individual individual or encomenderos. However, harmonizing to talk, in the 1630 s the Repartamiento system was abolished by the Crown, except for in the instance of excavation. The Spanish came to recognize that impermanent and lasting pay employment was an easier and more effectual manner to acquire new workers. While this newest system of Labor seems to be the best yet for the autochthonal people the wage is minimum and revenue enhancements were imposed. These rough testimonials and revenue enhancements were put on the autochthonal people to pay the Crown. With the complete work of native people Spain began to look to extra beginnings for labour chiefly slave labour from Africa. At the tallness of the African slave labour inkinesss comprised around 15 per centum of the excavation labour force. Over the old ages there is a mix between races causin g extra racial categories. For illustration racial categories in Mexico City around 1753 ranged from the Spaniards, who were the elite and store proprietors and craftsmans, the Mestizos, labourers retainers and sometimes craftsmans, the mulattos, which were labourers and retainers and craftsmans. In Colonial Spanish America it talks about a multi-racial group of people all of a sudden being required to pay testimonials to the Crown and being forced into work undertakings as manual labourers. With the new work undertaking and tribute Torahs the Spanish found ways to spread out non merely their economic system but their freshly founded imperium. Cities were constructed, estates were built for Spanish Viceroys and the development of Haciendas and Ganados were both built and worked by autochthonal people. Most of the non Spanish population had occupations that had been determined before they were born. Limits of Racial Domination negotiations about the fact that a immature individual had littel opportunity of becomming something outside of what their parents had been. For illustration if my parents worked on a hacienda so opportunities are my life would dwell of working on the hacienda. All of the different types of Labor Systems that the Spanish employed varied over clip and they apparently came to be much more just but the instance was non so. Most of autochthonal people were fighting to run into the demands of the systems and had lacked excess clip outside of the testimonials and work undertaking to supply for themselves and their households. The Spanish justified their intervention of the work force in three ways, they saw themselves as defenders of the autochthonal people, they saw themselves as spiritual Jesuss of inferior human existences, populating crudely, and they believed that since the people lived under the Spanish Crown they should besides pay it.. Spain had small job warranting the intervention at foremost, subsequently people questioned whether or Spain s existent ground for being in the Americas was to salvage the autochthonal people from spiritual persecution. Fray Pedro de Gante s questioned all of the labour that the autochthonal people were forced to make. Gante warned that American indians might merely vanish due to illness and overwork. In his missive to Charles V he expresses his concern that American indians are non being saved. He tells about the Indians who are required to make labour and are non able to travel to Mass and they are non being able to larn about Christ. The Affray expresses his concern that if the labour is non eased from the autochthonal people than there is now opportunity of salvaging these people. The Fray besides expresses great concern for the well being of the autochthonal people. He is worried about how the labour systems are handling the people. While it was easy for the Spanish to warrant their labour Torahs to themselves it seems that the intervention of autochthonal workers was frequently overlooked. In the early yearss of the mines and the sugar plantations work conditions were really bad. Harmonizing to talk the Indians worked in the mines around immense ore and sugar cane stampers that were really unsafe. Many workers were injured by machines and crushed, others where killed from mine shafts undermining in. The conditions in the mines shafts were atrocious, they were moisture and cold dirty. The workers got sick from the cooling conditions and inspiration of all right dusts but they were forced to go on working. In the early encomiendas and rapartamientos the indigen were worked sometimes to decease. In Fray Pedro de Gante s missive he writes of the people who were one time Godheads of the whole land now being slaves. He concerns that the work that they are forced to make is non tolerable and says that Canis familiariss have better lives than American indians because get remainder and are at least Federal. Indians frequently go without nutrient. Later in the testimonials and work undertakings they make acquire paid for the wage is non adequate to do up for the lose of work at place. Indians are mistreated by everyone they deal with, he says alternatively of feeding them they are abused, physically and verbally. The subdivision on the Rebellious Slaves in Struggle and Survival tells about how ailing workers are treated. This excerpt negotiations about a slave, Morga, who was shackled by his proprietor because he had insulted his proprietor. The proprietor branded him with a missive s to mean him as a slave and he beat him twenty-four hours after twenty-four hours. Later it talks about Morga working in a Ag mine when one twenty-four hours his proprietor comes out a flogs him so violently that it ripped great strips of skin signifier his organic structure. Other whippings ranged from hitting him in the dentition with a cock to dragging him behind a Equus caballus. Even for the free people life was really hard. The testimonials and work undertakings had work forces off from their places for somethimes a month at a clip. During these times the work forces must go forth their households at place and the adult females must seek to feed herself and her household she must take attention of the adult males occupation, happen money to pay testimonial and besides tend to the kids. This instance frequently foliages Indian kids with occupations to make of their ain at the ages of 10 or 12. They travel great distances in hunt of nutrient and frequently carry heavy tonss inorder to do their tribute payment every 80 yearss. With the harsh work conditions and the boring jobs at place 1000s of Indians died. Overwork, illness, mistreatment, and frivolous litgation were major grounds of population diminution. The lands of the Central and South America were about cleared of its native peoples. The labour systems that were used by the Spanish in Latin America were frequently rough and cruel. The occupations that were performed so would neer be allowed today because of the deficiency of safety. The intervention of the workers during that clip period besides was really barbarous and unfair. The cicatrixs left from the labour systems that the Spanish employed on the autochthonal people are still seeable today. The Spanish used the systems because of their ain greed and selfishness. While they believed at the clip that they had justified grounds for making the things they did we recognize how awful the actions that took placve truly were. It is of import to be able to sympaphize with the autochthonal people of Central and South America. The drastic diminution of those people in the 16th and 17th centuries is seeable today in the loss of the autochthonal civilizations of Latin America. While it is non possible to acquire back what we have lost it is possible to forestall fring anything that cherished of all time once more.

Wednesday, April 8, 2020

Gender Roles Essays - Gender Studies, Social Psychology,

Gender Roles I have thought about many different ways to organize this paper and have come to the conclusion that the best way to approach the topic is on a book-by-book basis. My perceptions of the gender biases in these books vary greatly and I did not want to begin altering my views on each so that they would fit into certain contrived connections. What interests me most in these stories is how the authors utilize certain character's within their given environment. Their instincts and reactions are a wonderful window into how the authors perceive these "people" would interact with their surroundings and often are either rewarded or punished by the author through consequences in the plot for their responses. Through this means we can see how the authors expect their characters to behave in relation to their post in the world. We must be very careful as readers to judge these biases based only on evidence within the text and not invent them from our own psyche due to the individual world we know. In Louis Sachar's award winning book Holes, we see gender biases in many characters. The first and most obvious bias in this book can be found in the way Sachar's characters address Mr. Pendanski, one of the staff members at Camp Green Lake. Many of the boys refer to him sarcastically as "mom", and it is not because of his loving nature. Mr. Pendanski is neurotic about things the boys consider trivial and he has a tendency to nag them. Because Mr. Pendanski is portrayed as the antithesis of Mr. Sir, who simply drips testosterone, others view him as a female for his weakness. The fact that Sachar allows his characters to equate weakness with femininity, or more accurately motherhood, shows a certain bias towards the supposed strength that innately accompanies masculinity. This attitude is only furthered by the fact that the rest of the book as almost totally devoid of female characters other than the witch-like caricature presented to us in the form of the warden. She comes complete with a vicious disposition and poisonous fingernails. The most interesting part of this bias is that the boys chose to name Mr. Pendanski "mom" in light of their own personal family histories. I think it can safely be assumed that not many of these boys had a functional relationship with their parents or they probably would not be in Camp Green Lake to begin with. These boys chose to place Mr. Pendanski, a whiny and unrespected man in the grand scheme of things at camp, in the role of mother. They did not turn to the only woman present at the camp, nor the man who disciplines them each day, to fill their maternal needs. Instead they turn to the weakest figure in their lives and mock him by referring to him as a woman. This demonstrates to us that Sachar considers femininity a weakness in this world and has no issues showing us. As Ernst wrote, "How easy is it to relegate girls to second class citizens when they are seen as second-class citizens, or not at all" (Ernst 67). This point is only furthered by the fact that the only woman present is such a fairy tale character. She is portrayed to us as all but a sorceress and it can be assumed she has taken on this persona in order to survive in a predominately male post in a totally male dominated environment. Even in our class it was evident that many readers were taken aback by the fact that Sachar chose to make his warden a female. And so it again can be seen that Sachar has imparted onto us a bias that a real woman could not function in this world so he had to invent a completely fictional and grandiose one. With all the other characters in the book appearing so human, it seems obvious he turned the warden into a beast because he felt he had to. In What Jamie Saw, by Carolyn Coman, gender bias shows itself in a new way. In this book masculinity and evil seem to go hand in hand. There is the character of Van, who is pretty much the same abusive man from every after school special and info-mercial we see during primetime, doing terrible things to a defenseless family. Then there is Jamie, who by my estimation is one of the meekest male characters I have encountered in a children's book. Finally we have Earl, who

Monday, March 9, 2020

Quality Management in Healthcare

Quality Management in Healthcare Introduction The need for quality management in healthcare facilities is an issue that many stakeholders have been fighting for over the years. According to Arias (2000, p. 87), quality healthcare is one of the major pillars of the economic development within a given country. People should have access to quality and affordable healthcare in order to remain strong and healthy.Advertising We will write a custom case study sample on Quality Management in Healthcare specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More In the current society, there are numerous diseases that may affect people of different social classes, and this may reduce their productivity. It is because of this that many stakeholders, including the government and nongovernmental agencies, have been able to come up with ways of improving service delivery at various healthcare institutions within the country. In the United States, the federal government, in close connection with private non -profit making organisations such as Mayo Clinics, has improved the healthcare standards within the country. Mayo has been using numerous quality management tools in order to improve its service delivery. Currently, the hospital is using ISO 9001 principles to improve the quality of its services. Background of Mayo Clinic Mayo Clinic is one of the largest non-profit making private healthcare institutions in the world that offers a wide range of medical services to various people across the country. In defining Mayo Clinics, Charantimath (2006, p. 78) says, â€Å"The Mayo Clinic is the world’s oldest and largest integrated multispecialty group medical practice, combining clinical practice, education, and research at the regional, national, and international levels for the benefit of individuals with routine as well as complex health care needs.† From this definition, it is clear that The Mayo Clinic offers more than just medical services to the American population. It i s an integrated team of multispecialty medical practitioners who are focused on offering medical services, educating young people interested in joining the medical practice, and maintaining a high level of research in various areas of health.Advertising Looking for case study on health medicine? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Founded in 1889 by William Worrall Mayo and his sons, this foundation currently employs over 3,800 physicians, and about 60,000 allied health staffs in various hospitals within the United States and all over the world. It has experienced massive growth over the years to become the largest and one of the most reputable healthcare centres in the world. As stipulated in their mission statement, Mayo is not just focused on offering quality healthcare to the people, but it is also concerned with finding the best ways of managing some of the emerging health complications by engaging its staffs in re search. With its headquarters in Rochester, Minnesota, Mayo Clinic has become one of the most reliable healthcare institutions in North America. Its efforts in research and development has enabled it become one of the most successful non-profit making healthcare organisations in the entire region. Quality Management System at Mayo Clinic (Strengths) At Mayo, the management has always been focused on offering quality healthcare to all the patients who visit the facility with various health complications. When William and his sons started this facility, they were interested in offering quality healthcare services to the American people. However, this organisation experienced numerous challenges as the field of medicine started experiencing changes due to technological advancements (Donabedian 2003, p. 34). The organisation had to adapt to the emerging technologies in order to maintain the quality service provision to the patients. The dynamic leadership at this organisation has seen i t transform in line with the technological advancement and various other changes in this field to become one of the most reputable organisations in the world. Always emphasising on quality delivery of healthcare services, this organisation has six attributes of an ideal healthcare delivery system as defined by the Commonwealth Fund which forms its main strength (Charantimath 2006, p. 44).Advertising We will write a custom case study sample on Quality Management in Healthcare specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Information Continuity Information continuity is one of the most important ingredients of quality healthcare provision within a healthcare facility (Wheeler Grice 2000, p. 81). At Mayo clinic, all departments are interconnected using personal computers and local area networks that make information transfer very efficient. Once a client’s information is fed into the system at the reception, all the relevant departments can access the information on demand. Any adjustment made in the information at any of the departments will be reflected in other relevant departments. This means that the speed and reliability of data transfer has become highly efficient. It has helped improve the quality of services offered within the facility. The information is managed from a central database as shown in the diagram below. Care Coordination and Transitions At Mayo, there is a clear system that allows for patient care coordination among various practitioners. There are cases where a patient suffers from multiple health complications that may require practitioners in different fields. The management has developed a system where this cannot be done without any form of strain. A medical doctor in one department can easily communicate with another doctor in a different area of specialty of the medication that has been offered, and the steps that should be taken to address other complications. Such closely coordinated co mmunication between the practitioners eliminates any possibility of misunderstanding among the doctors. System Accountability Mayo Clinics have adopted a total care policy on all the patients who visit their facility as a way of improving the quality of services they deliver. According to Lighter (2011, p. 33), many medical practitioners have worsened the health of their patients through careless acts due to relaxed management systems at the institutions. This is not the case at Mayo Clinic.Advertising Looking for case study on health medicine? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More At this facility, every medical officer is held accountable for any service rendered, and if any mistake arises from any of the departments visited by the patient, then the officer who offered the service is always held responsible as per the organisation’s policies and principles. Peer Review and Teamwork for High-Value Care The peer review and teamwork system was introduced at this facility to help promote teamwork and responsibility within various departments. Under this system, practitioners in a specific field have the responsibility to review works of peers in that department with the aim of maintaining the best practice in their field. Any changes taking place in that specific field would be shared by the members in order to enhance its application within the facility. The focus of this strategy is to offer high value care by improving skills and competencies of the individual members of the staff. Continuous Innovation In the current dynamic world, innovation is one o f the most important tools that an organisation can use in order to ensure that it offers continuous quality care to its clients (Kelly 2003, p. 45). At Mayo Clinic, the management knows that the only way of achieving its vision is to maintain innovativeness in its service delivery. This has been made possible by the research unit of this firm. The researchers have been interested to identify the emerging trends in this field of healthcare and to develop mechanisms of dealing with it in order to ensure that this firm remains dynamic. It has come up with new ways of addressing various issues that at the facility in order to maintain superior quality delivery (Lighter Fair, 2000, p. 44). Easy Access to Appropriate Care According to Horch (2003, p. 78), healthcare is one of the basic needs in the modern society, and it should be easily accessible to members of the public. When offering healthcare services, it is necessary to ensure that clients have the capacity to access their informa tion and understand their health conditions as soon as it is determined by the practitioners. This is one of the factors that Mayo Clinic has been determined to improve its service quality in the market. The Clinic has developed a communication system in all its clinics for easy retrieval of information and reliable communication with the patients. The above attributes have been considered ideal for a standard healthcare facility such as Mayo Clinic. This has made this healthcare facility one of the most preferred institutions in North America. The above strengths have seen a rise to the Mayo brand in the healthcare sector within this region. They are considered an integrated team of medical experts who are focused on identifying any health complication, informing their patients about their complication, suggesting ways through which such complications can be addressed, and using the strategy that the patients chooses to address the problem. This creates a feeling among the patients that at this facility, they have a voice, and can make their own independent choices about how they should be treated based on their personal preferences. This strength has helped this firm expand its operations beyond the United States. It has also made it easy for it to raise funds from the well wishers who have now trusted it as one of the leading healthcare provider in North America. In most of its campaigns, this firm has received massive support from the public, not just because of the fact that it is a non-profit making healthcare facility, but also because of the quality of care it offers (Lighter Fair 2004, p. 67). The management of Mayo Clinic knows that its strengths in offering quality healthcare largely relies on its ability to retain highly qualified and motivated team of experts who are specialised in various fields. Although this is a non-profit making organisation, maintaining this kind of staff needs a strategy that would help in making them comfortable so that t hey do not consider quitting the facility. This can only be achieved through good remuneration. Mayo Clinic is one of the best paying private hospitals to various health experts. The working environment is positively designed to promote integration, socialisation and teamwork among all the employees, creating a community where everyone has an emotional attachment with other members of the organisation. This has helped minimise the rate of employees’ turnover, the fact that has helped it to retain its highly qualified staff. Using Principles in ISO 9001 to Improve Quality of Services at Mayo Clinic From the discussion above, it is clear that Mayo Clinic is one of the best non-profit making private healthcare firms in service delivery within North America. The firm has been determined to embrace the best practice principles in the industry in order to match or even exceed the quality of healthcare offered at some of the best hospitals in the world. The management of this facili ty has been benchmarking its services with that of the leading hospitals in the world such as John Hopkins Hospital and Cleveland Clinic (Lloyd 2004, p. 44). In 2010, CNN, one of the leading news agencies in the world, ranked it as the third best healthcare facility in the world in overall medical treatment and quality services to its clients. Despite this success, it is a fact that this facility needs to maintain continuous improvement in order to maintain its glorious position as one of the leading healthcare facility in the world. Although this firm is ISO certified, it needs to give more focus to the principles of ISO 9001:2008 as it seeks to improve on its quality of service in the market. There are nine principles that will help Mayo Clinic to advance its current systems, and find ways of expanding its capacity to offer improved services to all the patients that visit the facility. The principles of ISO 900:2008 that have been applied by Mayo Clinic include the following. Cust omer focus This is the first principle of ISO 9001:2008 that Mayo Clinic has been using to improve the quality of services offered to its customers. Mayo Clinic clearly understands that all other healthcare facilities in the regions where it operates are competitors. For this reason, it has always found ways of attracting customers to its facility. To achieve this, it has taken a customer-centric approach in its management. It focuses on ways through which its clients can be offered customised quality healthcare whenever they visit the facility (McLaughlin, Johnson Sollecito 2012, p. 77). This involves active engagement of the clients when offering them care in order to ensure that they get the service in the manner they consider appropriate. Every client is always treated as a unique entity with unique needs. This way, the firm has been able to develop a personal relationship with clients who visit the facility. Leadership Leadership is the second principle that Mayo Clinic has us ed in order to improve the quality of its service delivery to the clients. As stated previously, this facility has a responsibility of managing its top doctors in a manner that would convince them to remain loyal to the firm. This can only be achieved through effective leadership (Mohanty, 2008, p. 56). The management unit has embraced transformational leadership characteristics in order to maintain high moral and loyalty of every member of the organisation. The leaders have developed best approaches of positively challenging the current capacity of its workers with the view of making them reinvent themselves into better service providers in their respective field. The management realizes that it has a responsibility of making every employee feel valued within the firm. It is only through this that employees will feel committed to the firm and develop a responsibility of coming up with new approaches of undertaking their duties. The managers at Mayo appreciates that their position i s meant to offer service to the employees. They seek to offer guidance in case of challenging factors in the environment, and in all the cases, they ensure that they integrate easily with all the employees of different ranks within the organisation (Geisler, Krabbendam Schuring, 2003, p. 66). There is an open communication system at Mayo Clinic as shown in the model below. Involvement of people One of the basic principles of ISO 9001:2008 used at Mayo Clinic is the need for involvement of people in undertaking various tasks and in making decisions. According to Morfaw (2009, p. 97), every human being has his or her worth that makes him or her special over the rest. The problem is that in most of the cases, some people are always belittled to the extent that they feel useless. The management at Mayo Clinic appreciates the fact that the firm can only become innovative if people are involved actively in the development of plans and in their execution. Creativity and innovation is no t a preserve for the top managers, the intelligent staff or any other special groups within an organisation. It is a natural force that comes out of a person irrespective of the position held or academic excellences when faced with new challenges in the workplace (Okeyo Adelhardt 2003, p. 78). By involving every member of the organisation in decision making, the management of Mayo Clinic has given them the opportunity to be creative in their respective fields in order to come up with superior ways of addressing various issues in the workplace. This has helped in improving the quality of services that are offered in this organisation at various levels. Process approach The process approach is another principle of ISO 9001:2008 that Mayo Clinic has been using to improve the quality of its services. Success and failure are two possibilities that an organisation can experience when dealing with various issues in its normal operations. One of the factors that separate failure from succe ss is the approach that is taken in the process of undertaking a specific activity. Many organisations have failed to implement good plans because they used wrong approaches. Deciding on the best approach to use will involve embracing technology and innovativeness whenever it is necessary. Oleske (2009, p. 96) advises that it is important to ensure that the management devolves decision making to the departments. At Mayo Clinic, each departmental heads has a plan that is always followed when implementing various policies within their departments based on their local needs. This hospital has been focused on choosing the process approach when implementing new policies (Sollecito Johnson 2013, p. 89). System approach to management The principle of system approach to management has gained popularity in many successful organisations around the world, and Mayo Clinic is one of the firms that have actively used this principle in their operations. According to Spath (2009, p. 78), an organi sation is a system of people with different skills, experience, knowledge, and talents. All these factors define an organisation and the approach it takes when addressing various activities in the market. System approach to the management is a principle in ISO 9001:2008 that emphasises on the need to involve other members of the organisation in the management process. At Mayo Clinic, before coming up with a decision on how different tasks should be undertaken, the responsible managers always make efforts to understand the ideas of other people, especially those that are directly involved in the implementation of some of these policies are very important. They always form part of the management system, especially in decision making. Their views are regarded as important when making decisions that will affect them or their tasks. This not only motivates them, but also ensures that the approach taken is the most practical one. This approach has helped this giant organisation to devolve some of the operational and tactical plans to departmental levels in order to help find local solutions to local problems at these facilities. Continual improvement Continual improvement is probably one of the most important principles in the ISO 9001:2008 that Mayo Clinic has emphasised on at all its departments. According to Stamatis (1996, p. 63), success should not be considered a destination because it is a process that has no end. Continuous success is what should be regarded as a true success because any missteps that a successful firm makes would lead to a failure that may wipe away past successes. With this in mind, Mayo Clinic has maintained continuous improvement in its service delivery in order to retain its prestigious position as one of the best hospitals in the world. All the good strategies that this firm uses have been under continuous improvement to enable it offer even better services. If this firm was ranked third in 2010 among the best hospitals, it means that there are other areas that it should improve on in order to become the best. Continual quality improvement that has been embraced by Mayo Clinic may be a challenging task, especially when a firm believes that it has exploited some of the best imaginable strategies. However, Steiger (2001, p. 68) says that there is always a way of improving the best, and the only difficult task is to identify how this should be done. This should be a continual process as shown in the diagram below, and the management at Mayo Clinic has been determined to apply it in order to improve its customers’ experience whenever they visit the facility. Factual approach to decision making Factual approach to decision making has been another popular principle of ISO 9001:2008 that Mayo Clinic has been using to enhance its ability to offer quality products. Some policies can appear very attractive on a piece of paper, but when it comes to implementation, they may become impractical. This is one of the reas ons why some firms fail to achieve their objectives in the market. When the plan lacks the factual information, or practicality, then it will remain a plan that cannot be implemented (Wan Connell 2003, p. 56). This simply means that the plan will be useless to the organisation, and all the resources that were used in its development will be a waste. The management at Mayo Clinic acknowledges the importance of ensuring that its decision making process is based on factual information. Care has always been taken to ensure that only the practical plans based on the factual information from the field are developed. This means that decision making should not be a preserve of the top executives. The main role of the top executive when planning for operational and tactical plans would be to ensure that the operational and tactical plans are in line with the strategic plans of the firm. If they realise that a section of the plan does not work within the strategic objectives of the organisat ion, they should give advices on how to make adjustments in order to realise the desired goals. As Kelly (2003, p. 75) notes, this will help in coming up with practical and realistic plans that can easily be implemented by respective departments. Mutually beneficial supplier relationships This is the last principle of ISO 9001:2008 that Mayo Clinic has actively used to improve the quality of its products. The research by Charantimath (2006, p. 32) shows that one of the major challenges that firms face in the current market is the increasing strength of the suppliers. Dealing with a strong supplier may be a serious challenge to a firm, especially if the supplier controls a major share of the market for the supplies. Such a supplier may set terms which are unfriendly to the firm as a way of gaining quick success before the industry is invaded by other players. Mayo Clinic has found ways of developing a mutually beneficial relationship with all its suppliers in order to ensure that it is able to get all the needed products at friendly terms. To achieve this, the firm has always created a partnership with these suppliers. It strives to make these suppliers feel that they are in a form of relationship where they need each other’s support. This way, their suppliers always view them as partners that need their protection, other than customers that should be exploited. Through this strategy, this firm has been able to deliver its products to the clients at reduced prices. Previous Quality Management Tools at Mayo Clinic The above nine principles are very vital for Mayo Clinic when implementing ISO 9001:2008 in its management strategies. This does not mean that other strategies that this firm was using previously will be discarded when implementing the above recommendations. Some of the strategies that this firm was using before included Six Sigma. Although some scholars claim that Six Sigma is a complicated quality management strategy that is gradually being ou tdated, it still remains to be one of the important tools that should not be ignored by the management. At Mayo, this has been an important quality management tool for many years. This tool could probably provide the answer to the question on how to improve the current best practices within this firm. Mayo Clinic has also found the Commonwealth Fund Commission to be an important quality management tool that has helped it remain competitive in the market. The six principles that have enabled this firm become strong in the market, as discussed on the section above, were based on the best practices as defined by the Commonwealth Fund Commission. Other important principles that this firm has been using in the past include John Ovretveit’s Principles, which the firm has since reduced its application within its system preferring to emphasise on ISO 9001:2008. Conclusion Quality management in the field of healthcare has become one of the most important tasks that define the success of a firm. Mayo Clinic has realised that it has a responsibility to its clients to offer quality healthcare to all the patients. To achieve this, the organisation has been using the industry’s best practice in order to ensure that its services meet the industry standards. It has been determined to employ some of the important quality measures in its management system. The Commonwealth Fund Commission principles on quality management have been one of the major quality management tools used by the firm in the past. However, the firm must now fully implement the principles of ISO 9001:2008 in order to achieve even greater success in this competitive industry. List of References Arias, K 2000, Quick reference to outbreak investigation and control in health care facilities, Aspen Publishers, Gaithersburg. Charantimath, P 2006, Total quality management, Pearson Education, New Delhi. Donabedian, A 2003, An introduction to quality assurance in health care, Oxford University Press, Ne w York. Geisler, E, Krabbendam, K Schuring, R 2003, Technology, health care, and management in the hospital of the future, Praeger, Westport. Horch, J 2003, Practical Guide to Software Quality Management, Artech House, Norwood. Kelly, D 2003, Applying quality management in healthcare: A process for improvement, Health Administration Press, Chicago. Lighter, D Fair, D 2000, Principles and methods of quality management in health care, Aspen Publishers, Gaithersburg. Lighter, D Fair, D 2004, Quality management in health care: Principles and methods, Jones and Bartlett, Sudbury. Lighter, D 2011, Advanced performance improvement in health care: Principles and methods, Jones and Bartlett Publishers, Sudbury. Lloyd, R 2004, Quality health care: A guide to developing and using indicators, Jones and Bartlett Publishers, Sudbury. McLaughlin, C, Johnson, J Sollecito, W 2012, Implementing continuous quality improvement in health care: A global casebook Sudbury, Jones and Bartlett Publishers, Sudbury. Mohanty, R 2008, Quality management practices, Excel Books, New Delhi. Morfaw, J 2009, Total quality management (TQM): A model for the sustainability of projects and programs in Africa, University Press of America, Lanham. Okeyo, T Adelhardt, M 2003, Health professionals handbook on quality management in healthcare in Kenya, Centre for Quality in Healthcare, Nairobi. Oleske, D 2009, Epidemiology and the delivery of health care services: Methods and applications, Springer, New York. Sollecito, W Johnson, J 2013, McLaughlin and Kaluznys continuous quality improvement in health care, Jones Bartlett Learning, Burlington. Spath, P 2009, Introduction to healthcare quality management, Health Administration Press, Chicago. Stamatis, D 1996, Total quality management in healthcare: Implementation strategies for optimum results, McGraw-Hill, New York. Steiger, H 2001, Risk control and quality management in neurosurgery, Springer, Wien. Wan, T Connell, A 2003, Monitoring the quali ty of health care: Issues and scientific approaches, Kluwer Academic, Boston. Wheeler, N Grice, D 2000, Management in health care, Stanley Thornes, Cheltenham.

Saturday, February 22, 2020

Diversification Strategies Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Diversification Strategies - Research Paper Example Google’s diversification strategies prove successful throughout the years. They attribute their success to the fact that diversification in an online market attracts significant lowers costs compared to diversification in the real, physical world. Therefore, most online companies capitalize on this as an advantage. However, this advantage is not merely enough to guarantee success. Sarah Kaplan, a business professor at Wharton University advances that companies like Google find success because they know how to look for what to leverage to their consumers. For example, Google’s current product named Google Docs and Spreadsheets; seeks to compete with Microsoft Office. In this case, Google’s leverage was the provision of a product that would offer more convenience to their clients over an already existing product owned by another company. The fact that Google is online based also makes sales and marketing of their products easier because they are able to reach a wid e market range. The diversification strategy employed by Google includes an eclectic approach where the combination of different strategies happens at the same time, for example, Google combines both concentric and horizontal strategies. This ensures that they stick to products with technological similarities to their current products. Concurrently, they stretch themselves slightly by introducing products which differ technologically and commercially to their current products because they can depend on their loyal customers (Kaplan, 2006). Time Warner AOL is among the companies in which their attempt to diversify proved unsuccessful. The merger of these two corporations caught people’s attention because of the strategy it symbolized a merger of two separate spheres; the old and the new. Throughout its 10 year merger, the conglomerate suffered a variety of setbacks. Firstly, the strategy they